SDS is the abbreviation of Safety Data Sheet. It is also known as MSDS (Material Safety Data Sheet) in some countries and regions abroad, but in current Chinese regulations and standards, it is uniformly translated as "Safety Data Sheet for Chemical Products (SDS)". It is a comprehensive description document with 16 parts including composition information, physical and chemical parameters, flammability, toxicity, environmental hazards, safe handling, storage conditions, leakage emergency procedures, transportation regulations, etc., which provided to customers by chemical manufacturers or suppliers in accordance with regulatory requirements.
With the development and implementation of the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS), SDS is already one of the important carriers of information transmission in the chemical supply chain. A qualified SDS is required throughout the entire life cycle of chemicals such as production, operation, sales and transportation. In addition, the "Regulations on Safety Administration of Hazardous Chemicals" (Decree No.591 of the State Council), the Announcement No. 129  of GACC，the "Measures for the Administration of Registration of Hazardous Chemicals" of SAWS (Order No.53), the "Measures for Environmental Management of New Chemical Substances" of SEPA , etc., have clearly required the provision of compliant Safety Data Sheet (SDS) and safety labels.
Recently, chemical enterprises are facing greater challenges in preparing SDS/safety labels, due to the stricter regulatory review in the import and export of hazardous chemicals, registration of hazardous chemicals and new chemical substances. In the following content, let's get the key points of SDS compilation to help chemical enterprises better understand the national standards, main content, generic format, specific elements of each part of the SDS and some common problems.
1. National standards of SDS compilation
Safety data sheet for chemical products-Content and order of sections (GB/T 16483-2008)
Guidance on the compilation of safety data sheet for chemical products (GB/T 17519-2013)
The current national standards of SDS compilation include GB/T 16483-2008 and GB/T 17519-2013. The GB/T 16483-2008 adopted the requirements of the UNECE GHS(Rev.6) for SDS, and clearly stipulates the structure, content and generic forms of SDS; The GB/T 17519-2013 is a supporting guide document for GB/T 16483, and provides the detailed rules, format, writing requirements, etc. for SDS compilation.
2. The main contents of SDS
SDS shall provide the information as in the following 16 sections:
1. CHEMICAL PRODUCT AND COMPANY IDENTIFICATION
2. HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION
3. COMPOSITION/INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS
4. FIRST AID MEASURES
5. FIRE-FIGHTING MEASURES
6. ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES
7. HANDLING AND STORAGE
8. EXPOSURE CONTROLS/PERSONAL PROTECTION
9. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
10. STABILITY AND REACTIVITY
11. TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION
12. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION
13. DISPOSAL CONSIDERATION
14. TRANSPORT INFORMATION
15. REGULATORY INFORMATION
16. OTHER INFORMATION
Any of the above 16 items cannot be omitted or reversed.
3. The SDS compilation format
GB/T 17519 clearly stipulates the generic format:
Top of the first page
The first page should specify the headline, the name of chemical product, the date of revision and initial preparation, standards of compilation, SDS number/version number (if any).
Top of each page after the first page
The following header should indicate the product name, revision date and SDS number given on the first page.
The page number should be centered or right in the footer of each page, showing the total number of pages.
The title, numbering and the order of each section should not be changed without good reasons.
The 16 sections should be separated clearly and the typesetting of the titles of items and sub-items visually striking, but the titles of sub-items are not numbered.
In addition, SDS should also be compiled using standardized Chinese characters. The text of SDS should be accurate, concise, easy to understand, logically rigorous, and avoid using sentences that are difficult to understand or prone to ambiguity. Use frequently used and familiar words when writing. Use legal units of measurement.
Furthermore, the specific elements and some common problems when compiling the 16 sections of the SDS will be further interpreted later, please stay tuned.